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Essay on history of optometrist

Ophthalmologists are involved in kerato-refractive surgery using both surgical and laser techniques to correct a variety of ailments. Ophthalmologists are specially trained to provide the full spectrum of eye care, from prescribing glasses and contact lenses to complex and delicate eye surgery. Many ophthalmologists are also involved in scientific research into the causes and cures for eye diseases and vision problems. Ophthalmologists should, in addition, have internship and resident training. Certificates and licensures should be displayed in conspicuous areas in their office.


Optometry is the practice or profession of testing the eyes for defects of vision in orer to prescribe corrective glasses. An optometrist is a person who is skilled in optometry. Optometry programs include classroom and laboratory study of health and visual sciences, as well as clinical training in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. Courses in pharmacology, optics, vision science, biochemistry, and systemic disease are included.


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Optometric practice does not only include the determination of the refractive status of the eyes, prescribing and dispensing of glasses, it has a wider scope than that. With the advance of technology and newer products being introduced in quick succession, an optometrist is also required to upgrade his knowledge continuously.


Optometrists prescribe optical aids (e.g., eyeglasses , contact lenses ), supervise eye exercise programs to treat vision problems, and examine the eyes for disorders such as glaucoma and cataracts . They are generally not licensed to prescribe drugs or trained to perform surgery. Optometrists provide public health services in vision care. They examine eyes to diagnose vision problems and ocular disease (pertaining to the eye). Optometrists’ lifestyle will only go downhill. You’ll end up working Saturdays and Sundays, and during the week you’ll have to work every day until 7 or 8 PM.

Optometrists are experts in determining one's refractive error and prescribing the appropriate correction. In the United States they perform comprehensive eye exams and diagnose and treat many of the most common eye disorders whether they be visual or physical. Optometrist - A Doctor of Optometry (OD ) trained to diagnose and treat common eye diseases and disorders as well as refractive vision correction. In the US, the standard education is four years of college, four years of Optometry school at an accredited Doctor of Optometry program. Optometrists diagnose and manage such diseases. They also provide pre- and post-surgical care for various conditions and procedures, including cataracts, refractive laser treatment, and retinal problems.

Optometrists can educate workers and safety personnel on contact lens issues as a means of arriving at a wearing policy that has wide acceptance. Optometrists also routinely check for symptoms of glaucoma, to try and catch the disease before it is advanced. Many optometrists work in private practice, and also oversee the running of their office. Optometrists generally focus on prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses and provide most people?s primary vision care. Both ophthalmologists and optometrists can prescribe medications to diagnose and treat eye diseases.

Optometrists and related organizations interact with government, other health care professions and the community to deliver eyecare and visioncare. Optometry is a type of eyecare profession and optometrists often interact with other eye care professionals, such as ophthalmologists and opticians . Optometrists have an ethical and legal responsibility to safeguard patient information. Patient information includes such information as personal data, medical history, diagnosis, treatment, and financial situation. Optometrists are trained to detect signs of disease and diagnose eye conditions. They refer patients for medical attention as required, usually to an Ophthalmologist.

Optometric practice varies widely in the field for many reasons. You need to discover these reasons for yourself as part of the shadowing process. Optometrists are not required to place an expiration date on prescriptions for glasses, but the majority do. Optometrists do need to complete a graduate course of study, and upon completing their graduate course of study and certification, then they can practice as an Optometrist.

Optometric physicians are certified by a national board of examiners and licensed by a state regulatory board.






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